The Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (Center for research on social innovations - CRISES) is an interuniversity and multidisciplinary research centre. It brings together 48 researchers, each of whose primary affiliation is with one of the following ten institutions: Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Université du Québec en Outaouais (UQO), Université Laval, Université de Sherbrooke, Concordia University, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR) and Téluq.

CRISES was formed in 1986 by Benoît Lévesque and Paul R. Bélanger. Since 2001, CRISES has been a regroupement stratégique (strategic alliance) funded by the Fonds québécois de recherche sur la société et la culture (FQRSC). The Center has been under the direction of Denis Harrisson from 2003 to 2009, Juan-Luis Klein from 2009 to 2018 and, since june 2018, is directed by Sylvain A. Lefèvre.

CRISES members come from a variety of disciplines: anthropology, geography, history, mathematics, philosophy, industrial relations, management sciences, economics, political science, sociology and social work. They study and analyze innovation and social change in four complementary areas: social innovations and transformations in 1) political and social practices, 2) territory and local governments 3) collective enterprises, 4) work and employment.

CRISES conducts some of its research in partnership with social and economic actors. Its members play a central role in networking with civil society and in the transfer of knowledge to the community.

CRISES objectives:

  • Produce and disseminate new knowledge on social innovation and social transformation;
  • Provide a forum to discuss and coordinate research activities;
  • Promote new avenues of basic and applied research;
  • Develop new partnerships;
  • Organize activities of interest to scholars or involving the transfer of knowledge;
  • Train junior researchers.

In addition to conducting numerous research projects, providing facilities for international post-doctoral trainees and training students, CRISES organizes a series of seminars and conferences that facilitate the exchange and dissemination of new knowledge. The centre also coordinates several collections of working papers conveying the most recent work of its members.

The main CRISES offices are located on the UQAM campus. However, regional branches of CRISES take an active part in many of its activities.

To learn more about CRISES, please consult:


A panorama of recent papers and books of CRISES members:


Ancelovici M, Dufour P et Nez H (2016). Street Politics in the Age of Austerity: From the Indignados to Occupy, Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press

Bernier L (2015). Public Enterprises Today; missions, performance and Governance, Bruxelles, Peter Lang, 526 p

Bouchard MJ et Rousselière D (2015). The Weight of the Social Economy. An International Perspective, Bruxelles, Berne, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, Peter Lang, 360 p

Weinroth M et Leduc Browne P (2015). To Build a Shadowy Isle of Bliss. William Morris’s Radicalism and the Embodiment of Dreams, Montréal, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 392 p

Filgueiras Sauerbronn F, Fatien Diochon P, Mills AJ et Raufflet E (2017). The Dark Side 3: Critical Cases on the Downside of Business, Londres, Routledge, 180 p


Audebrand L, Camus A et Michaud V (2016). «A Mosquito in the Classroom: Using the Cooperative Business Model to Foster Paradoxical Thinking in Management Education», Journal of Management Education (Online First), vol. 41, no 2, p. 216-248

Audebrand L, Michaud V et Camus A (2015). «Capitalizing on the Co-op Business Model to Bolster Paradoxical Thinking in Management Education», Academy of Management Proceedings, vol. 12844

Audet R, Lefevre S, Brisebois É et El-Jed M (2017). «Structuring Tensions and Key Relations of Montreal Seasonal Food Markets in the Sustainability Transition of the Agri-Food Sector», Sustainability, vol. 9, no 3

Luederitz C, Abson DJ, Audet R et Lang DJ (2017). «Many pathways toward sustainability : not conflict but co-learning between transition narratives», Sustainability Science, vol. 12, p. 393-407

Esper SC, Cabantous L, Barin Cruz L et Gond JP (2017). «Supporting alternative organizations? Exploring scholars' involvement in the performativity of worker-recuperated enterprises», Organization, vol. 24, no 5, p. 671-699

Marconatto D, Barin Cruz L, Luiz de Moura G et Gressler Teixeira E (2017). «Why the Microfinance Institutions exist: Lending groups as a mechanism to enhance informational symmetry and enforcement activities», Organizações & Sociedade, vol.24, no 83, En ligne.

Barin Cruz L, Delgado NA, Leca B et Gond JP (2016). «Institutional Resilience in Extreme Operating Environments: The role of Institutional Work», Business & Society, vol. 57, no 7, p. 970-1016

Drouet M et Barin Cruz L (2016). «Corporate Citizenship in mining projects: The case of the Ambatovy project in Madagascar», International Journal of Case Studies in Management, vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-21

Gond JP, Barin Cruz L, Raufflet E et Charron M (2016). «To frack or not to frack: The interaction of justification and power in a sustainability controversy», Journal of Management Studies, vol. 53, no 3, p. 330-363

Marconatto D, Barin Cruz L, Pozzebon M et Poitras JE (2016). «Developing sustainable business models within BOP contexts: mobilizing native capability to cope with government programs», Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 129, p. 735-748

Marconatto D, Barin Cruz L et Pedrozo E (2016). «Going Beyond Microfinance Fuzziness», Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 115, p. 5-22

Ogasavara M, Boehe DM et Barin Cruz L (2016). «The U-shaped relationship between export experience and performance: an exploration-exploitation trajectory», International Marketing Review, vol. 33, no 6, p. 867-893

Barin Cruz L, Boehe D et Ogasavara M (2015). «CSR-based Differentiation Strategy of Export Firms From Developing Countries: An Exploratory Study of the Strategy Tripod», Business & Society, vol. 54, no 6, p. 723-762

Barin Cruz L, Delagado N, Leca B et Gond JP (2015). «Institutional Resilience in Extreme Operating Environments: The role of Institutional Work», Business & Society

Bernier L, Hafsi T et Deschamps C (2015). «Environmental Determinants of Public Sector Innovation: A study of innovation awards in Canada», Public Management Review, vol. 17, no 6, p. 834-856

Bouchard MJ, Cruz Filho P et Zerdani T (2015). «Social enterprise in Québec. Understanding their 'institutional footprint», Assocation for Nonprofit and Social Economy-Journal, vol. 6, no 1, p. 42-62

Bouchard MJ et Rousselière D (2015). «Do Hybrid Organizational Forms of the Social Economy have a Greater Chance of Surviving? An Examination of the Case of Montreal», Voluntas - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations (Published online 23 novembre 2015), p. 1-29

Beaudoin JM, Bouthillier L, Bulkan J, Nelson HW, Trosper R et Wyattd S (2016). «What does “First Nation deep roots in the forests" mean? Identification of principles and objectives for promoting forest-based development», Revue canadienne de recherche forestière, vol. 46, no 3, p. 508-519

Beaudoin JM, Bouthillier L et Chiasson G (2015). «Growing deep roots: Increasing Aboriginal authority in contemporary forest governance arrangements», Land Use Policy, vol. 49, no 2, p. 287-295

Briand L et Hodgson D (2015). «The Re-Regulation of Control in the Context of Project-based Work», International Journal of Work Innovation, vol. 1, no 3, p. 287-304

Bres L, Raufflet E et Johnny B (2017). «Pluralism in organizations: Learning from unconventional forms of organizations», International Journal of Management Reviews (version online)

Simard M, Vézina J et Guimond L (2017). «Neo-rural populations and their relations with local decision makers in rural Québec: Collaboration or conflict?», Geojournal, En ligne.

Racine M et Hanin F (2015). «Who controls the development of skills in technology districts? The case of the Quebec Region's IT ecosystem», International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, vol. 19, no 5-6, p. 386-404

Guimont D, Lapointe D et Sévigny A (2017). «Changing collaborative practices in tourism – a Living Lab case», Canadian Journal of Regional Science / Revue canadienne des sciences régionales, vol. 40, no 1, p. 63-69

Lapointe PA et Cucumel G (2016). «An Alternative Typology for Teamwork», World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 12, no 1, p. 50-73

Fecher F et Lévesque B (2015). «Presentation: Some Current Issues And Challenges In The Social Economy», Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, vol. 86, no 2, p. 179-189

Généreux M, Petit G, Maltais D et al. (2015). «The Public Health Response During and After the Lac-Mégantic Train Derailment Tragedy: A Case Study», Disaster Health, vol. 2, no 3-4, p. 113-120

Michaud V (2017). «Words fly away, writings remain - paradoxes in and around documents: A methodological proposition», Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, vol. 12, no 1, p. 35-52

Noiseux Y (2016). «Organizing in the Informal Sector: A case Study in Mumbai's Shipbreaking Yards», International Critical Thought, vol. 6, no 2, p. 245-266

Mayer S et Noiseux Y (2015). «Organizing at Walmart: Lessons from Quebec's Women», Global Labour Journal, vol. 6, no 1

Benoit M et Patsias C (2017). «Greening the agri-environmental policy by territorial and participative implementation processes? Evidence from two French regions», Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 55, p. 1-11

Pozzebon M, Cunha MA et Coelho TR (2016). «Making Sense to Decreasing Citizen eParticipation through a Social Representation Lens Information and Organization», Information and Organization, vol. 26, no 3, p. 84-99

Birochi R et Pozzebon M (2016). «Improving financial inclusion: Towards a critical financial education framework», RAE – Revista de Administração de Empresas, vol. 56, no 3, p. 266-287

Pozzebon M, Tello-Rozas S et Delgado N (2015). «The Use and Consequences of Participatory GIS in a Mexican Municipality: Applying a Multilevel Framework», RAE – Revista de Administração de Empresas, vol. 55, no 3, p. 290-303

Gonzalez L, Diniz E et Pozzebon M (2015). «The value of proximity finance – how traditional banking system can contribute to microfinance», MIT Innovations, vol. 10, no 1-2, p. 125-137

Tello-Rozas S, Pozzebon M et Mailhot C (2015). «Uncovering micro-practices and pathways of engagement that scale up social-driven collaborations: a practice view of power», Journal of Management Studies, vol. 52, no 8, p. 1064-1096

Rantisi N et Leslie D (2015). «Circus in Action: Exploring the Role of a Translation Zone in the Cirque du Soleil's Creative Practices», Economic Geography, vol. 91, no 2, p. 147-164

Haase M et Raufflet E (2017). «Ideologies in Markets, Organizations, and Business Ethics: Drafting a Map: Introduction to the Special Issue», Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 142, no 4, p. 629-639

Schmitt Figueiró P et Raufflet E (2015). «Sustainability in higher Education: A systematic review with focus on management education», Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 106, p. 22-33

Saldanha F et Pozzebon M (2015). «Fiat Mio: the Project that Embraced Open Innovation and Creative Commons in the Automotive Industry», International Journal of Case Studies in Management, vol. 13, no 1

Karu M et Tremblay DG (2017). «Fathers on parental leave: an analysis of rights and take-up in 29 countries», Community, Work & Family, p. 1-19

Rhéaume L et Tremblay DG (2017). «Cross-fertilisation for innovation and collaboration in the Quebec multimedia-IT ecosystem», International Journal of Innovation and Learning, vol. 22, no 4, p. 458-479

Yagoubi A et Tremblay DG (2017). «Cooperation and knowledge exchanges in creative careers: network support for fashion designers' careers», International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, vol. 8, no 1, p. 24-46

Vézina M (2017). «Mature Social Economy Enterprise and Social Innovation: The Case of the Desjardins Environmental Fund», Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, vol. 88, no 2, p. 257-278

Tremblay DG (2016). «Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy?», International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, vol. 7, no 4

Tremblay DG (2016). «Trade Unions and Work-Life Rights: The Challenge of Work-Life Interface in a Union Environment», Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, vol. 28, no 3, p. 171-187

Tremblay DG et Huesca Dehesa AD (2016). «Being a Creative and an Immigrant in Montreal. What Support for the Development of a Creative Career?», Journal of Workplace Rights, p. 1-15

Tremblay DG et Huesca Dehesa AD (2016). «Montréal, Creative City and Immigrant Creatives: Can the Art World and Entrepreneurship Be Brought Together?», Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, no 4, p. 55-67

Ben Hassen T et Tremblay DG (2016). «Labels of origin and terroir: the case of the certified wine label 'Québec Certified Wines' and the protected geographical indication 'Ice wine Québec'», Journal of Wine Research, vol. 27, no 1

Ben Hassen T et Tremblay DG (2016). «Wine Routes in Quebec: Between Marketing and Development of Networks», Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism, vol. 2, no 1, p. 27-42

Mansour S et Tremblay DG (2016). «Work-family conflict/Family-work conflict, job stress, burnout and intention to leave in the hotel industry in Quebec (Canada): Family friendly practices as “resource caravan passageways"», The International Journal of Human Resources Management

Mansour S et Tremblay DG (2016). «How the need for “leisure benefit systems" as a “resource passageways" moderates the effect of work-leisure conflict on job burnout and intention to leave: A study in the hotel industry in Quebec», Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 27, p. 4-11

Mansour S et Tremblay DG (2016). «Workload, generic and work–family specific social supports and job stress: Mediating role of work–family and family–work conflict», International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 28, no 8, p. 1778-1804

Yagoubi A et Tremblay DG (2016). «Being a Fashion Designer in Montreal:Flexible Careers across the Life Course!», Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, no 4, p. 215-226

Tremblay DG et Ilama II (2015). «Work-Life Integration and Workplace Rights for Domestic Workers in Support to Elderly Persons; a Real Challenge in a Complex Working Environment», Journal of Workplace Rights

Tremblay DG et Dossou-Yovo A (2015). «Territory, Innovation Processes in SMEs, and Intermediary Actors: The Case of the IT Sector in the Greater Montreal Area», International Journal of Technology Management, vol. 69, no 1

Tremblay DG et Mascova E (2015). «Conflict between professional engagement and temporal regimes of lawyers: the challenge of work-life permeability», Revue interventions économiques, vol. 53

Trudelle C, Klein JL, Fontan JM et Tremblay DG (2015). «Urban Conflicts and Socio-territorial Cohesion : Consensus Buliding in the St-Michel Neighbourhood in Montreal», vol. 24, no 2, p. 138-157



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